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The impact of new signals on precise marine navigation - initial results from an experiment in Harwich Harbour

Parkins, AJ; Grant, A; Cross, PA; (2008) The impact of new signals on precise marine navigation - initial results from an experiment in Harwich Harbour. Presented at: NAV08: The navigation conference and exhibition, London, UK. Green open access

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Abstract

The General Lighthouse Authorities of the United Kingdom and Ireland (GLAs) are supporting a project at University College London (UCL) to study whether it is possible to meet the International Maritime Organisation’s (IMO) future requirements for port and harbour approach using future GNSS constellations, as detailed in IMO resolution A.915. This paper presents the results of a trial focusing on the accuracy, integrity, availability and continuity of port navigation, port approach, and docking. Abstract The required accuracy for docking is 0.1 m (95\%), which currently necessitates the use of Real Time Kinematic (RTK) processing. We consider the single-epoch geometry-based approach, which is robust against loss of lock and will fully benefit from the additional satellites. The trial was held at the beginning of May 2008 and saw THV Alert navigate into Harwich Harbour while satellite observation data were recorded from the vessel and from shore-based reference stations. Additional data were obtained from nearby Ordnance Survey reference stations, and two total stations were used to track the vessel’s passage to provide a truth model. Several modernised GPS satellites were tracked. The data were processed under different scenarios, using software developed at UCL, and the positioning performance analysed. Abstract Providing integrity for single-epoch RTK is particularly difficult. The identification of phase observation outliers is not possible before the integer ambiguities are resolved, but an undetected outlier could prevent successful ambiguity resolution. However, it will not always be necessary to fix every ambiguity to achieve the required precision, particularly with a multi-GNSS constellation. This paper introduces a new algorithm for partial ambiguity resolution in the presence of measurement bias that has been developed and tested at UCL.  This algorithm results in an improved ambiguity resolution success rate at the expense of computation time.

Type:Conference item (Presentation)
Title:The impact of new signals on precise marine navigation - initial results from an experiment in Harwich Harbour
Event:NAV08: The navigation conference and exhibition
Location:London, UK
Dates:2008-10-27 - 2008-10-30
Open access status:An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version:http://www.rin.org.uk/conferencepapers/conferencepapers.aspx
Language:English
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering

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