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Labor-saving Technology Increases Fertility in Rural Ethiopia

Gibson, M; Mace, R; (2002) Labor-saving Technology Increases Fertility in Rural Ethiopia. Current Anthropology , 43 (4) pp. 631-637.

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Across the developing world, labor-saving technologies have been designed and implemented to introduce savings in the time and energy that women allocate to work. In rural Arsi, southern Ethiopia, a recent water-supply scheme has reduced long arduous trips to obtain water and is associated with considerable improvements in women's energy budgets. Assuming that the time and energy saved is not diverted to other energetically costly activities and nutritional levels remain constant, evolutionary life-history theory predicts that this energy may be diverted into reproductive effort and thus may increase fertility. The aim of this bio-demographic study is to detect any effects of the installation of village water taps on birth spacing and women's overall energetic status

Type: Article
Title: Labor-saving Technology Increases Fertility in Rural Ethiopia
Keywords: activity, BIRTH, developing, effects, energy, evolutionary, fertility, IMPROVEMENT, INCREASE, INCREASES, LEVEL, LONG, May, NUTRITIONAL, Other, reproductive, rural, saving, SCHEME, technology, Theories, theory, TIME, Water, WOMEN, work, WORLD
UCL classification: UCL > School of Arts and Social Sciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/72940
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