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A longitudinal study of the yield and clinical utility of a specifically designed secondary hypertension investigation protocol

Little, MA; O'Brien, E; Owens, P; Holian, J; Kenny, S; Mee, F; Walshe, JJ; (2003) A longitudinal study of the yield and clinical utility of a specifically designed secondary hypertension investigation protocol. RENAL FAILURE , 25 (5) 709 - 717. 10.1081/JDI-120024286.

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Abstract

Objective. It has become common practice to use a day-case based approach to identify from the population of hypertensive patients those with an identifiable cause. We aimed to prospectively identify 96 consecutive hypertensive patients undergoing an algorithmic investigation protocol based around two day case hospital attendances. Methods. The overall diagnostic yield and associated costs were recorded and the patients were observed for a mean of 2.5 years with ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring every three months. Results. A secondary cause of hypertension was identified in 18.1% of patients, three quarters of whom had renovascular disease. There was a fall in blood pressure with time (157/97 vs. 140/85) but this was associated with an increase in the amount of medication required (mean medication score 5.99 vs. 7.65). Improvement in BP occurred irrespective of whether or not a secondary cause was identified. Only 3.2% of patients were cured of their hypertension as a result of enrollment in the protocol. The cost of identifying each case of secondary hypertension was Euro 10, 196. Conclusions. A comprehensive protocol aimed at identifying secondary hypertension had a low yield, the majority of whom had renovascular disease. In light of recent data illustrating the lack of improvement in BP following dilatation or bypass of atherosclerotic renovascular disease, it is debatable whether searching for it is justifiable.

Type:Article
Title:A longitudinal study of the yield and clinical utility of a specifically designed secondary hypertension investigation protocol
DOI:10.1081/JDI-120024286
Keywords:secondary hypertension, diagnostic yield, cost, renovascular disease, longitudinal, RENAL-ARTERY STENOSIS, PREVALENCE, ANGIOPLASTY, ANGIOGRAPHY, DIAGNOSIS
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Medicine (Division of)

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