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A novel presentation of cryptococcal infection in a renal allograft recipient.

Abraham, KA; Little, MA; Casey, R; Smyth, E; Walshe, JJ; (2000) A novel presentation of cryptococcal infection in a renal allograft recipient. Ir Med J , 93 (3) 82 - 84. Gold open access

Abstract

The population of immunosuppressed patients is growing rapidly because of the HIV epidemic and the rapid expansion in transplant medicine. These patients may present to a variety of clinical specialties with seemingly innocuous infections. We present here the first Irish case of primary cryptococcal cellulitis. The patient was a 62-year old renal transplant recipient and was immunosuppressed with Cyclosporine, Azathioprine and Prednisolone. He presented with an apparent bacterial cellulitis on the dorsum of the hand that had failed to respond to a 3-week course of oral antibiotics. There was no clinical evidence of systemic infection. There was tissue necrosis present and the area was debrided surgically. Histological examination of debrided tissue revealed necrotic granulomata and budding yeast-like organisms. Cryptococcus neoformans was cultured from this specimen. The patient was treated with oral fluconazole 400 mg daily for 6 weeks with complete healing of the infected area and no evidence of recurrence after 12 months of follow up. This case emphasises the need for a high index of suspicion for atypical infection in the immunocompromised patient.

Type:Article
Title:A novel presentation of cryptococcal infection in a renal allograft recipient.
Location:IRELAND
Open access status:An open access publication
Publisher version:http://www.imj.ie/
Language:English
Keywords:Antifungal Agents, Cryptococcosis, Cryptococcus, Dermatomycoses, Fluconazole, Humans, Immunocompromised Host, Kidney Transplantation, Male, Middle Aged, Risk Factors, Skin
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Medicine (Division of)

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