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Evaluation of a technique for the intraoperative detection of a radiolabelled monoclonal antibody against colorectal cancer.

Waddington, WA; Davidson, BR; Todd-Pokropek, A; Boulos, PB; Short, MD; (1991) Evaluation of a technique for the intraoperative detection of a radiolabelled monoclonal antibody against colorectal cancer. Eur J Nucl Med , 18 (12) pp. 964-972.

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Abstract

Occult tumour deposits may be localised at operation with a radiation detecting probe following the administration of a radiolabelled monoclonal antibody (MoAb) recognising a tumour-associated antigen. We have recently evaluated the clinical usefulness of this technique in detecting primary colorectal tumours targetted with an indium-111 MoAb. In the present study the physical characteristics of the two detector systems used were investigated; a sodium iodide [NaI(Tl)] scintillation detector and a cadmium telluride (CdTe) semiconductor probe. Limitations of the technique in use have been examined by testing the statistical significance of tumour detection using an abdominal phantom based on the currently available clinical biodistribution data for tumour uptake of radiolabelled MoAbs. The effect of tumour volume, antibody uptake, collimation and counting conditions was examined. Results indicate that tumours of 10 ml volume may be detected with the NaI(Tl) probe at the lowest levels of radiolabelled antibody uptake currently reported in the literature but that at higher published levels, lesions as small as 1 ml may be identified with both detector systems. Detector sensitivity and limited antibody specificity restrict the usefulness of the technique, although moderate improvements in tumour uptake may allow the detection of tumour deposits not clinically apparent. The statistical significance criterion used for this study could be an accurate and reliable indicator for tumour detection in vivo.

Type: Article
Title: Evaluation of a technique for the intraoperative detection of a radiolabelled monoclonal antibody against colorectal cancer.
Location: Germany
Keywords: Colorectal Neoplasms, Evaluation Studies as Topic, Humans, Intraoperative Period, Radioimmunodetection, Scintillation Counting, Semiconductors
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/71220
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