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FRET multiphoton spectral imaging microscopy of 7-ketocholesterol and Nile Red in U937 monocytic cells loaded with 7-ketocholesterol.
ANAL QUANT CYTOL
304 - 313.
OBJECTIVE: To show the effect of 7-ketocholesterol (7KC) on cellular lipid content by means of flow cytometry and the interaction of 7KC with Nile Red (NR) via ultraviolet fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) excitation of NR on U937 monocytic cells by means of 2-photon excitation confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM).STUDY DESIGN: Untreated and 7KC-treated U937 cells were stained with NR and analyzed by flow cytometry and CLSM. 3D sequences of images were obtained by spectral analysis in a 2-photon excitation CLSM and analyzed by the factor analysis of medical image sequences (FAMIS) algorithm, which provides factor curves and images. Factor images are the result of the FAMIS image processing method, which handles emission spectra. In FRET analysis, preparations are screened at selected UV wavelengths to avoid emission of NR in the absence of 7KC.RESULTS: During 7KC-induced cell death,flow cytometry and CLSM revealed a modification of the cellular lipid content. Factor images show FRET occurrence and subsequent colocalization of 7KC and NR.CONCLUSION: This investigation established the utility of 2-photon excitation CLSM to assess colocalization of 7KC with NR by FRET and to identify and distinguish polar and neutral lipids stained by NR that accumulate from the effect of 7KC.
|Title:||FRET multiphoton spectral imaging microscopy of 7-ketocholesterol and Nile Red in U937 monocytic cells loaded with 7-ketocholesterol|
|Keywords:||confocal laser scanning microscopy, ketocholesterols, U937 cells, computer-assisted image processing, Nile Red, mitotracker Red, HUMAN-PAPILLOMAVIRUS DNA, CONFOCAL MICROSCOPY, FATTY STREAKS, APOPTOSIS, SEQUENCES, FLUORESCENCE, DEATH, 7-BETA-HYDROXYCHOLESTEROL, HELA, PATTERNS|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Medical Physics and Bioengineering|
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