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THE CATALYTIC ACTIVITY OF RU AND IR SUPPORTED ON EU2O3 FOR THE REACTION, CO2 + CH4-REVERSIBLE-2H2 + 2 CO - A VIABLE SOLAR-THERMAL ENERGY SYSTEM

PERERA, JSHQ; COUVES, JW; SANKAR, G; THOMAS, JM; (1991) THE CATALYTIC ACTIVITY OF RU AND IR SUPPORTED ON EU2O3 FOR THE REACTION, CO2 + CH4-REVERSIBLE-2H2 + 2 CO - A VIABLE SOLAR-THERMAL ENERGY SYSTEM. CATAL LETT , 11 (2) 219 - 225.

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Abstract

Methane and carbon dioxide which often co-exist in nature, constitute valuable potential resources both for the storage of solar (thermal) energy and the convenient production of synthesis gas. Ru and Ir supported on Eu2O3 are effective catalysts for the reforming of methane with carbon dioxide to produce synthesis gas with no significant coke formation even after prolonged activity. Ru catalysts show onset of activity around 673 K reaching a maximum at about 973 K. Loadings as low as 1% by weight of Ru are highly effective. Ir catalysts show onset around 823 K reaching a maximum conversion in excess of 94% with respect to CO2 at 1023 K for a 1% loading of the metal. X-ray absorption studies on the spent Ru/Eu2O3 catalysts indicate the presence of the reduced metal, primarily in the form of large spherical particles (> 30 angstrom) of hexagonal structure. 5% Ir supported on Eu2O3 was found to transform an equimolar mixture of H-2 and CO to methane and carbon dioxide with a 42% conversion with respect to H-2 at around 848 K and atmospheric pressure. A 5% loading of Ru on Eu2O3 produced a 14% conversion with respect to H-2 at 973 K under similar conditions.

Type:Article
Title:THE CATALYTIC ACTIVITY OF RU AND IR SUPPORTED ON EU2O3 FOR THE REACTION, CO2 + CH4-REVERSIBLE-2H2 + 2 CO - A VIABLE SOLAR-THERMAL ENERGY SYSTEM
Keywords:CARBON DIOXIDE, METHANE, SYN GAS, RUTHENIUM, IRIDIUM, EUROPIUM OXIDE, SUPPORTED NOBLE METALS, SOLAR ENERGY, SYNTHESIS GAS, METHANE, OXIDATION
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Chemistry

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