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Microchimeric Fetal Cells Are Recruited to Maternal Kidney following Injury and Activate Collagen Type I Transcription

Bou-Gharios, G; Amin, F; Hill, P; Nakamura, H; Maxwell, P; Fisk, NM; (2011) Microchimeric Fetal Cells Are Recruited to Maternal Kidney following Injury and Activate Collagen Type I Transcription. CELLS TISSUES ORGANS , 193 (6) 379 - 392. 10.1159/000321172.

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Abstract

Fetal cells enter the maternal circulation from the early first trimester of pregnancy, where they persist in tissue decades later. We investigated in mice whether fetal microchimeric cells (FMCs) can be detected in maternal kidney, and whether they play a role in kidney homeostasis. FMCs were identified in vivo in two models: one an adaptive model following unilateral nephrectomy, the other an injury via unilateral renal ischaemia reperfusion. Both models were carried out in mothers that had been mated with transgenic mice expressing luciferase transgene under the control of collagen type I, and had given birth to either 1 or 3 litters. FMCs were detected by Y-probe fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and bioluminescence, and the cell number quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction. In the adaptive model, the remaining kidney showed more cells by all 3 parameters compared with the nephrectomized kidney, while ischaemia reperfusion resulted in higher levels of FMC participation in injured compared to contralateral kidneys. Bioluminescence showed that FMCs switch on collagen type I transcription implicating mesenchymal lineage cells. After injury, Y-probe in situ hydridization was found mainly in the tubular epithelial network. Finally, we compared FMCs with bone marrow cells and found similar dynamics but altered distribution within the kidney. We conclude that FMCs (1) are long-term sequelae of pregnancy and (2) are recruited to the kidney as a result of injury or adaptation, where they activate the transcriptional machinery of matrix proteins. Copyright (C) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel

Type:Article
Title:Microchimeric Fetal Cells Are Recruited to Maternal Kidney following Injury and Activate Collagen Type I Transcription
DOI:10.1159/000321172
Keywords:Stem cell trafficking, Fetomaternal haemorrhage, Fetal microchimerism, Tissue repair, Kidney, Mouse, MESENCHYMAL STEM-CELLS, MARROW-DERIVED CELLS, ISCHEMIA-REPERFUSION INJURY, BONE-MARROW, POSTISCHEMIC KIDNEY, SYSTEMIC-SCLEROSIS, GENE-EXPRESSION, RENAL ISCHEMIA, C-FOS, AUTOIMMUNE-DISEASE
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Medicine (Division of)

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