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Binding of antiphospholipid antibodies to discontinuous epitopes on domain I of human β2-glycoprotein I: mutation studies including residues R39 to R43

Ioannou, Y.; Pericleous, C.; Latchman, D.S.; Isenberg, D.A.; Rahman, A.; Giles, I.; (2007) Binding of antiphospholipid antibodies to discontinuous epitopes on domain I of human β2-glycoprotein I: mutation studies including residues R39 to R43. Arthritis & Rheumatism , 56 (1) pp. 280-290. 10.1002/art.22306.

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Abstract

Objective: Pathogenic antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) bind the self antigen N-terminal domain (domain I) of 2-glycoprotein I (2GPI), with residues G40-R43 being important. However, peptides homologous to other regions of domain I have also been shown to bind aPL. Furthermore, there are no published reports of the effects of altering R39, which has greater surface exposure than the G40-R43 residues. Methods: We used a novel, efficient method of production and purification of human domain I by Escherichia coli to create multiple mutants of domain I. These domain I mutants were then screened for binding to a range of polyclonal IgG purified from patients with antiphospholipid syndrome, using both solid-phase and fluid-phase assays. Results: E coli-expressed purified domain I selectively bound IgG derived from patients with antiphospholipid syndrome. In region R39-R43, the R39S mutation had the greatest effect in terms of reducing binding to a panel of aPL in the fluid phase (mean ± SD inhibition 14 ± 18.5% versus 44.1 ± 31.7% for G40E and 62.9 ± 25.7% for wild-type domain I). Conversely, altering both D8 and D9 to S8 and G9, respectively, had the effect of enhancing binding to aPL in the fluid phase. Adding the remainder of the domain I-II interlinker resulted in enhanced binding over wild-type in the solid phase but not the fluid phase. Conclusion: The binding of aPL to 2GPI domain I is complex and likely to involve discontinuous epitopes that include R39 in addition to G40-R43, the domain I-II interlinker, and possibly D8 and D9. Domain I variants with enhanced binding to aPL compared with wild-type domain I may aid in the development of novel therapies.

Type: Article
Title: Binding of antiphospholipid antibodies to discontinuous epitopes on domain I of human β2-glycoprotein I: mutation studies including residues R39 to R43
DOI: 10.1002/art.22306
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/art.22306
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inflammation
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
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URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/7038

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