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Intergenerational transmission of language capital and economic outcomes

Casey, T; Dustmann, C; (2008) Intergenerational transmission of language capital and economic outcomes. J HUM RESOUR , 43 (3) 660 - 687.

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Abstract

This paper investigates the intergenerational transmission of language capital among immigrants, and the effect of language deficiencies on the economic performance of second-generation immigrants. Using a long panel that oversamples immigrants, we can follow their children after they have left the parental home. Our results show a sizeable significant association between parents' and children's fluency, conditional on parental and family characteristics. We find that language deficiencies of the second generation are associated with poorer labor market outcomes for females only. Finally, we find a strong relationship between parental fluency and female labor market outcomes, which works through the child's language proficiency.

Type: Article
Title: Intergenerational transmission of language capital and economic outcomes
Keywords: 2ND-LANGUAGE ACQUISITION, INCOME MOBILITY, UNITED-STATES, EARNINGS, IMMIGRANTS, FLUENCY, ENGLISH, 2ND-GENERATION, CONSTRAINTS, SPEAKING
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Dept of Economics
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/68178
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