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Invading europe: Did climate or geography trigger early eocene primate dispersals?

Soligo, C; (2007) Invading europe: Did climate or geography trigger early eocene primate dispersals? FOLIA PRIMATOLOGICA , 78 (5-6) 297 - 313. 10.1159/000105146.

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The Palaeocene-Eocene transition is characterized by a significant turnover of mammalian taxa in the fossil record of the northern continents, and primates are among the groups that make their first appearance at this time. One of the many questions that remain to be answered with regard to the earliest evolution of primates is the reason for their sudden and virtually simultaneous appearance in the fossil records of Asia, Europe and North America. The most obvious environmental correlate of the Palaeocene-Eocene transition is a sharp but relatively short-lived warming event leading up to the Palaeocene-Eocene thermal maximum (PETM) and evidenced in the stratigraphic record by a negative delta C-13 excursion. It remains unclear, however, whether or how this warming event may have influenced Palaeocene-Eocene faunal turnovers. This paper explores the hypothesis that environmental changes associated with the PETM facilitated an invasion of Western Europe by primates by comparing the ecological structure of local mammalian fauna immediately before and following the Palaeocene-Eocene transition. The results suggest that changes to the ecological profile of local mammalian fauna were relatively small and did not favour an invasion by primates, although a major uncertainty remains with respect to the availability of arboreal niches. At present it seems more likely that the invasion of western Europe by primates was due to the breakdown of one or more dispersal barriers close to the end of the Palaeocene. Copyright (C) 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Type: Article
Title: Invading europe: Did climate or geography trigger early eocene primate dispersals?
Location: Nat Hist Museum, London, ENGLAND
DOI: 10.1159/000105146
Keywords: taxonomic turnover, ecological turnover, climate change, palaeocene-eocene, thermal maximum, PALEOCENE THERMAL MAXIMUM, LATEST PALEOCENE, SEA-LEVEL, SOUTHERN ENGLAND, NORTHERN SPAIN, BIGHORN BASIN, FLORAL CHANGE, ORIGINS, BOUNDARY, EVOLUTION
UCL classification: UCL > School of Arts and Social Sciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/67177
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