Effects of access restrictions and stocking on small water body fisheries in Laos.
JOURNAL OF FISH BIOLOGY
345 - 357.
Four different management regimes were identified in small water bodies in Laos: open-access fisheries, both with and without stocking of exotics (mainly Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus); community fisheries with restricted access and regular stocking; and fisheries rented out to corporate entities, based on indigenous stocks only. These regimes represent all possible combinations of the two management measures, access (open/restricted) and stocking of exotic species (no/yes) and a lest fishing experiment assessed their effects on stock abundance, richness and diversity. The combination of access restrictions and stocking had a strong positive effect on total standing stocks. Stocks of indigenous fish were significantly increased by access restrictions, while stocking of exotics had no effect on indigenous standings stocks. Community fisheries targeted large sizes of exotic species while reducing the exploitation of smaller size groups, which accounted for much of the indigenous stocks. This suggests that stocking can promote active effort regulation and reduce the exploitation of natural stocks. Data on yields and effort were too limited to allow the use of inferential statistics, but indicated that community fisheries were exploited with much lower effort and gave lower yields than open access fisheries, while providing higher returns to fishing effort. This suggests that active management is effective in increasing standing stocks and the efficiency of exploitation, but does not necessarily increase yields unless optimal management regimes can be identified and implemented by the management institutions. No significant effects on wild stock richness or diversity were detected in the test fishing experiment, but wide confidence limits indicated a low statistical power of the test and therefore no definitive conclusions could be drawn. (C) 1998 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.
|Title:||Effects of access restrictions and stocking on small water body fisheries in Laos|
|Keywords:||tilapia, carp, enhancement, introductions, diversity, fisheries management, FISH|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Arts and Social Sciences|
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