Avoiding entanglement loss when two-qubit quantum gates are controlled by electronic excitation.
J PHYS-CONDENS MAT
2757 - 2772.
A solid-state two-qubit quantum gate was recently proposed that might be made in a silicon fabrication plant in the near future. In this class of device, entanglement between two quantum bits is controlled by a change from a largely unentangled ground electronic state to an excited state in which useful entanglement can be produced. Such gates have potential advantages, both because they exploit known solid-state behaviour and they separate the storage and manipulation of quantum information. It is important that the excitation step does not create decoherence. We analyse a type of gate proposed before, in which the excitation involves a control electron that interacts with the qubit spins in the excited state. The dynamics of an idealized (but fairly general) gate of this type show that it can be operated to produce a standard two-qubit entangling state.
|Title:||Avoiding entanglement loss when two-qubit quantum gates are controlled by electronic excitation|
|Open access status:||An open access version is available from UCL Discovery|
|Additional information:||Text made available to UCL Discovery by kind permission of IOP Publishing, 2012|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > London Centre for Nanotechnology|
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