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Social outcomes in adulthood of children with intellectual impairment: evidence from a birth cohort

Hall, I; Strydom, A; Richards, M; Hardy, R; Bernal, J; Wadsworth, M; (2005) Social outcomes in adulthood of children with intellectual impairment: evidence from a birth cohort. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research , 49 (3) pp. 171-182. 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2005.00636.x.

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Abstract

Background: Social Policy for people with intellectual disabilities (ID) continues to evolve, but little is known about the lives to which such policies are applied. We aimed to use a prospective follow-up of a British birth cohort to identify children with mild and more severe intellectual impairment, and compare a range of social outcomes in adulthood with people in the rest of the cohort. / Method: We used data from the MRC National Survey for Health and Development. Intellectual impairment was identified by intelligence tests and educational history. Adult outcome measures included employment and social class, education, marriage and children, home ownership, social networks and community use. / Results: We identified 111 people with mild intellectual impairment (2.7%) and 23 with severe intellectual impairment (0.6%) at age 15/16. By the age of 43, there were 52 people remaining in the mild impairment group and 14 in the severe impairment group. In adulthood those with intellectual impairment enjoyed contact with friends and family, and joined in informal social activities. Although the mild intellectual impairment group were less likely to attain the following social outcomes than people with normal intellectual functioning, 67% had jobs, 73% were married, 62% had children and 54% owned their own homes. 12% participated in adult education. People with more severe intellectual impairment were less likely to attain these outcomes. / Conclusions: These outcomes highlight issues in current social policy and suggest efforts should be directed particularly towards promoting educational opportunities and developing social inclusion for people with ID.

Type: Article
Title: Social outcomes in adulthood of children with intellectual impairment: evidence from a birth cohort
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2005.00636.x
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.2005.00636.x
Language: English
Keywords: social sciences, science & technology, life sciences & biomedicine, education, special, genetics & heredity, clinical neurology, psychiatry, rehabilitation, education & educational research, neurosciences & neurology, education, special, rehabilitation, SSCI, birth cohort, epidemiology, intellectual impairment, mental retardation, social outcomes, social policy, national survey, health
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Behavioural Science and Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/64849
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