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Ipilimumab attenuation of an inhibitory immune checkpoint improves survival in metastatic melanoma

Peggs, KS; Quezada, SA; (2010) Ipilimumab attenuation of an inhibitory immune checkpoint improves survival in metastatic melanoma. EXPERT REV ANTICANC , 10 (11) 1697 - 1701. 10.1586/ERA.10.144.

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Abstract

Interference with the inhibitory immune regulatory checkpoints that act to constrain overly exuberant immune responses and help to maintain peripheral tolerance represents an exciting new paradigm in tumor immunotherapy We review the study of Hod and colleagues evaluating the role of blockade of one of these pathways (cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4) with a monoclonal antibody (ipilimumab developed by Medarex NJ USA and Bristol-Myers Squibb NY USA) in patients with advanced melanoma who had failed prior treatments The randomized Phase III study demonstrates superior overall survival in patients receiving ipilimumab either alone or in combination with a gp100 peptide vaccine compared with those receiving the vaccine alone The results represent the first positive randomized clinical trial ever reported in patients with metastatic melanoma in terms of overall survival the first showing a beneficial effect of a melanoma treatment in the second-line setting and the first demonstration that blockade of an immune-inhibitory pathway can be an effective cancer therapeutic

Type: Article
Title: Ipilimumab attenuation of an inhibitory immune checkpoint improves survival in metastatic melanoma
DOI: 10.1586/ERA.10.144
Keywords: CTLA 4, cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen 4, immunotherapy, ipilimumab, melanoma, monoclonal antibody, phase III, vaccine, T-LYMPHOCYTE ANTIGEN-4, REGULATORY T, CANCER-IMMUNOTHERAPY, BLOCKADE, EFFECTOR, COMBINATION, CTLA-4, CELLS, MECHANISMS, REGRESSION
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/646209
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