Stuck, AE; Kharicha, K; Dapp, U; Anders, J; von Renteln-Kruse, W; Meier-Baumgartner, HP; ... Iliffe, S; + view all Stuck, AE; Kharicha, K; Dapp, U; Anders, J; von Renteln-Kruse, W; Meier-Baumgartner, HP; Harari, D; Swift, CG; Ivanova, K; Egger, M; Gillmann, G; Higa, J; Beck, JC; Iliffe, S; - view fewer (2007) Development, feasibility and performance of a health risk appraisal questionnaire for older persons. BMC MED RES METHODOL , 7 , Article 1. 10.1186/1471-2288-7-1.
|PDF - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader|
Background: Health risk appraisal is a promising method for health promotion and prevention in older persons. The Health Risk Appraisal for the Elderly (HRA-E) developed in the U.S. has unique features but has not been tested outside the United States.Methods: Based on the original HRA-E, we developed a scientifically updated and regionally adapted multilingual Health Risk Appraisal for Older Persons (HRA-O) instrument consisting of a self-administered questionnaire and software-generated feed-back reports. We evaluated the practicability and performance of the questionnaire in non-disabled community-dwelling older persons in London (U.K.) (N=1090), Hamburg (Germany) (N=804), and Solothurn (Switzerland) (N=748) in a sub-sample of an international randomised controlled study.Results: Over eighty percent of invited older persons returned the self-administered HRA-O questionnaire. Fair or poor self-perceived health status and older age were correlated with higher rates of non-return of the questionnaire. Older participants and those with lower educational levels reported more difficulty in completing the HRA-O questionnaire as compared to younger and higher educated persons. However, even among older participants and those with low educational level, more than 80% rated the questionnaire as easy to complete. Prevalence rates of risks for functional decline or problems were between 2% and 91% for the 19 HRA-O domains. Participants' intention to change health behaviour suggested that for some risk factors participants were in a pre-contemplation phase, having no short- or medium-term plans for change. Many participants perceived their health behaviour or preventative care uptake as optimal, despite indications of deficits according to the HRA-O based evaluation.Conclusion: The HRA-O questionnaire was highly accepted by a broad range of community-dwelling non-disabled persons. It identified a high number of risks and problems, and provided information on participants' intention to change health behaviour.
|Title:||Development, feasibility and performance of a health risk appraisal questionnaire for older persons|
|Open access status:||An open access publication. A version is also available from UCL Discovery.|
|Additional information:||© 2007 Stuck et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.|
|Keywords:||GENERAL-PRACTICE, ELDERLY-PEOPLE, RELIABILITY, INSTRUMENT, ADMISSION, COMMUNITY, VALIDITY, DECLINE, GERMAN, TRIAL|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care > Primary Care and Population Health|
View download statistics for this item
Activity - last month
Activity - last 12 months
Archive Staff Only: edit this record