Srirajaskanthan, R; Caplin, ME; Waugh, MG; Watkins, J; Meyer, T; Hsuan, JJ; Beaumont, NJ; (2010) Identification of Mac-2-binding protein as a putative marker of neuroendocrine tumors from the analysis of cell line secretomes. Mol Cell Proteomics , 9 (4) 656 - 666. 10.1074/mcp.M900401-MCP200.
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Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) can arise from a variety of organs. They can vary widely in clinical behavior; consequently, optimizing their treatment plan can be problematic. NETs display diverse tumor biology; however, most secrete peptides such as chromogranin A into the circulation, consistent with their neuroendocrine origin. In this study, we sought to identify other potential markers for NETs by analyzing the secreted proteomes of three neuroendocrine cell lines. BON-1, NCI-H727, and SHP-77 cells were grown in serum-free media, and the secreted proteins were separated by SDS-PAGE and identified by LC-MS/MS. We identified 205 proteins of which 61 were secreted by two or more of the cell lines and 19 were secreted by all three lines. Mac-2-binding protein (Mac-2BP) was found to be secreted by all three cell lines, and this was confirmed by Western blotting. Immunohistochemical analysis found 29 of 33 NET cases from different primary sites to be positive for Mac-2BP. Serum Mac-2BP was significantly elevated in NET patients compared with healthy controls (p < 0.001). This study demonstrated that analysis of the secreted proteomes of neuroendocrine cell lines can identify potential biomarkers for NET. Initial assessment showed that serum Mac-2BP is significantly elevated in patients with NET and is expressed by the majority of NET tissues.
|Title:||Identification of Mac-2-binding protein as a putative marker of neuroendocrine tumors from the analysis of cell line secretomes|
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