Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics.
The aims of this article are twofold. It will briefly discuss the ways in which the term 'grammar' has been used by linguists and will then move on to a discussion of the main components of grammar, including a discussion of such topics as grammatical categories, functions, thematic roles, coordination and subordination, systems of grammar (clause types, the pronoun system, time and tense, mood and modality, aspect and aspectuality), and grammar models. It is important to stress two points at the outset. The first is that that different languages make different uses of the options discussed. Secondly, the conspectus of grammar presented here - while fairly widely accepted - is not wholly uncontroversial. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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