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Helimagnetic structures in epitaxial Nd/Y superlattices and alloys

Everitt, BA; Salamon, MB; Borchers, JA; Erwin, RW; Rhyne, JJ; Park, BJ; ODonovan, KV; ... Flynn, CP; + view all (1997) Helimagnetic structures in epitaxial Nd/Y superlattices and alloys. PHYS REV B , 56 (9) 5452 - 5460.

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Abstract

The complex magnetic structure of Nd exhibits a new magnetic phase when grown epitaxially, either as a stabilized double hexagonal close-packed alloy, or as part of a Nd/Y superlattice. In the alloy and in those superlattices with small Nd/Y ratios, the incommensurate b axis modulated structure exhibited by elemental Nd at T-N = 19.9 K is absent. In its place, incommensurate helimagnetic order, similar to that in dilute yttrium alloys of the heavy lanthanides, appears below approximately 30 K. Evidence for coherent propagation of the magnetic spiral through the Y spacers is observed in some Y-rich superlattices. As the Nd:Y ratio in the superlattices is increased, the b axis modulated phases reappear and coexist with the helical phase. Thick epitaxial Nd films, nevertheless, exhibit only bulklike magnetic structure. We discuss these observations in terms of band structure modifications.

Type: Article
Title: Helimagnetic structures in epitaxial Nd/Y superlattices and alloys
Keywords: NEODYMIUM
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > London Centre for Nanotechnology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/60091
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