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Non-Regular Likelihood Inference for Seasonally Persistent Processes

McCoy, EJ; Olhede, SC; Stephens, DA; Non-Regular Likelihood Inference for Seasonally Persistent Processes.

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Abstract

The estimation of parameters in the frequency spectrum of a seasonally persistent stationary stochastic process is addressed. For seasonal persistence associated with a pole in the spectrum located away from frequency zero, a new Whittle-type likelihood is developed that explicitly acknowledges the location of the pole. This Whittle likelihood is a large sample approximation to the distribution of the periodogram over a chosen grid of frequencies, and constitutes an approximation to the time-domain likelihood of the data, via the linear transformation of an inverse discrete Fourier transform combined with a demodulation. The new likelihood is straightforward to compute, and as will be demonstrated has good, yet non-standard, properties. The asymptotic behaviour of the proposed likelihood estimators is studied; in particular, $N$-consistency of the estimator of the spectral pole location is established. Large finite sample and asymptotic distributions of the score and observed Fisher information are given, and the corresponding distributions of the maximum likelihood estimators are deduced. A study of the small sample properties of the likelihood approximation is provided, and its superior performance to previously suggested methods is shown, as well as agreement with the developed distributional approximations.

Type: Article
Title: Non-Regular Likelihood Inference for Seasonally Persistent Processes
Additional information: 57 pages, including 5 figures
Keywords: stat.ME, stat.ME, stat.AP
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Statistical Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/60037
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