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Gender Differences in Drinking Practices in Middle Aged and Older Russians

Bobrova, N; West, R; Malyutina, D; Malyutina, S; Bobak, M; (2010) Gender Differences in Drinking Practices in Middle Aged and Older Russians. ALCOHOL ALCOHOLISM , 45 (6) 573 - 580. 10.1093/alcalc/agq069. Green open access

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Abstract

Aims: The study investigated gender differences in drinking patterns and the reasons behind them among men and women in the Russian city of Novosibirsk. Methods: A mixed method, combining quantitative and qualitative data, was conducted based on the Health, Alcohol and Psychosocial factors In Eastern Europe cohort study. The quantitative study included 4268 men and 5094 women aged 45-69 years; of those, 20 men and 24 women completed an in-depth interview. Results: The quantitative data revealed a large gap in drinking patterns in general between genders. Women drank less often and much smaller quantities than that of men. For example, 19% of men, vs. 1% of women, were classified as problem drinkers ( two or more positive answers on the CAGE questionnaire). These differences were not explained by socioeconomic factors. Qualitative data have shown that gender roles and a traditional culture around women's and men's drinking were the main reasons for the reported drinking behaviour, whereby women were consistently expected to drink much less than men in terms of preference for strong beverages, drinking frequency and quantity of alcohol consumed. Conclusion: The study confirmed that large differences exist between Russian men's and women's drinking; these differences may be largely explained by gender roles.

Type: Article
Title: Gender Differences in Drinking Practices in Middle Aged and Older Russians
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agq069
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agq069
Additional information: © The Author 2010. Medical Council on Alcohol and Oxford University Press. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by/3.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: HAZARDOUS ALCOHOL-DRINKING, BINGE DRINKING, MORTALITY, CONSUMPTION, MEN, POPULATION, WOMEN, RATES, ASSOCIATION, NOVOSIBIRSK
UCL classification: UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care
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UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/595299
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