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Size measurements on isolated rat heart cells using Coulter analysis and light scatter flow cytometry.

Nash, GB; Tatham, PE; Powell, T; Twist, VW; Speller, RD; Loverock, LT; (1979) Size measurements on isolated rat heart cells using Coulter analysis and light scatter flow cytometry. Biochim Biophys Acta , 587 (1) 99-III. 10.1016/0304-4165(79)90224-1.

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Abstract

Isolated ventricular muscle cells from the adult rat heart have been examined by both Coulter analysis and light scatter flow cytometry. The dispersed cell preparations contain two main cell types: viable, rod-shaped cells and damaged, round cells. Coulter analytical techniques provided statistical data on cell volume for both cell types. The contribution of each population to the Coulter pulse height distributions were separated by a subtraction method using data obtained from digitonin-treated preparations that contain only round cells. A shape factor for cells aligned with the flow direction was computed from light microscope measurements and the effects of cell orientation within the Coulter aperture were approximately assessed. The estimated volumes for intact myocytes compare favourably with those reported in the literature. No significant size difference was observed between fresh and fixed cells. Narrow angle, forward light scatter measurements were made on individual cells flowing across a focused laser beam. Both scatter pulse height and pulse width (pulse duration) distributions were collected. Values for myocyte length calculated from pulse width information agree well with published data and confirm that the hydrodynamic forces in the flow system produced alignment of the cells with the flow direction. Scatter pulse width distributions reveal two distinct peaks assignable to either rod or round cells. Preliminary electronic gating experiments, using pulse height signals, suggest that signals derived from round cells could be eliminated entirely using a gating regime based on pulse width. This would enable flow cytometric measurements to be made on only the intact myocytes present in heterogeneous preparations.

Type: Article
Title: Size measurements on isolated rat heart cells using Coulter analysis and light scatter flow cytometry.
Location: Netherlands
DOI: 10.1016/0304-4165(79)90224-1
Keywords: Animals, Cell Count, Cell Separation, Cell Survival, Digitonin, Female, Fixatives, Glutaral, Heart Ventricles, Light, Myocardium, Rats, Scattering, Radiation
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/593973
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