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They know the words, but not the music: Affective and semantic priming in individuals with psychopathy

Blair, KS; Richell, RA; Mitchell, DGV; Leonard, A; Morton, J; Blair, RJR; (2006) They know the words, but not the music: Affective and semantic priming in individuals with psychopathy. BIOL PSYCHOL , 73 (2) 114 - 123. 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2005.12.006.

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Abstract

Previous work has indicated dysfunctional affect-language interactions in individuals with psychopathy through use of the lexical decision task. However, it has been uncertain as to whether these deficits actually reflect impaired affect-language interactions or a more fundamental deficit in general semantic processing. In this study, we examined affective priming and semantic priming (dependent measures were reaction times and error rates) in individuals with psychopathy and comparison individuals, classified according to the psychopathy checklist revised (PCL-R) [Hare, R.D., 1991. The Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised. Multi-Health Systems, Toronto, Ont.]. Individuals with psychopathy showed significantly less affective priming relative to comparison individuals. In contrast, the two groups showed comparable levels of semantic priming. The results are discussed with reference to current models of psychopathy. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Type:Article
Title:They know the words, but not the music: Affective and semantic priming in individuals with psychopathy
DOI:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2005.12.006
Keywords:psychopathy, affective priming, semantic priming, SPREADING ACTIVATION THEORY, AMYGDALA, MODULATION, EMOTION, MEMORY, REWARD, PERSONALITY, MECHANISMS, OFFENDERS, BEHAVIOR
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Psychology and Language Sciences (Division of) > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences

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