Solana, MC and Kilburn, CRJ and Badiola, ER and Aparicio, A (2004) Fast emplacement of extensive pahoehoe flow-fields: the case of the 1736 flows from Montana de las Nueces, Lanzarote. J VOLCANOL GEOTH RES , 132 (2-3) 189 - 207. 10.1016/S0377-0273(03)00345-7.
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The 1730-36 Timanfaya eruption on Lanzarote, in the Canary Islands, is the second largest historical effusion on record. During its final stages, in 1736, the eruption produced the Montana de las Nueces flow-field, consisting of sheets of pahoehoe lava that, within 4 weeks, had covered 32 km(2) and reached a maximum length of almost 21 km. The tholeiitic lavas have pahoehoe surface features, but internal structures that are normally associated with massive as flows, suggesting that their fronts advanced as single units rather than as a collection of budding pahoehoe tongues. Volume conservation and a simple model of crustal failure suggest that the main flows advanced at about 0.02 ms(-1) over the prevailing slopes of similar to 1degrees. The rates of advance are (1) consistent with emplacement near the transition from pahoehoe to aa, and (2) about an order of magnitude greater than would have been expected by analogy with Hawaiian pahoehoe flow-fields of similar dimensions. Surface texture and morphology, therefore, is an insufficient guide for constraining the rate and style of pahoehoe emplacement, and a flow's internal structure must be established before its characteristics are used to infer eruption conditions and potential hazard. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Title:||Fast emplacement of extensive pahoehoe flow-fields: the case of the 1736 flows from Montana de las Nueces, Lanzarote|
|Keywords:||pahoehoe, lava flow, Lanzarote, LAVA FLOWS, KILAUEA VOLCANO, MOUNT-ETNA, ERUPTION, INFLATION, HAWAII, TUBES|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Earth Sciences|
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