Diagnostic and therapeutic impact of MR enterography in Crohn's disease.
AIM: To assess the impact of magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) on clinician diagnostic confidence and therapeutic strategy in patients under investigation for small bowel Crohn's disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Gastroenterologists completed a proforma before and following MRE in 51 patients (mean age 35 years, 26 female) under investigation for small bowel Crohn's disease, indicating percentage confidence for presence/absence of small bowel involvement. In suspected disease, diagnostic confidence (using a scoring system from 1=no to 6=yes) was scored for subcategories: extent >30 cm (DE), terminal ileum (lTI), jejunal (JD), colonic disease (CoD), strictures (ST), activity (AD), extraluminal complications (EL), and surgical need (NS). Therapeutic strategy was recorded. Patients were divided into three groups: 1=suspected disease, MRE normal (n=15); 2=suspected disease, MRE abnormal (n=30); 3=no suspected disease, MRE normal (n=6). Binomial exact and paired t-tests were use to compare confidence pre and post-MRE. RESULTS: Mean percentage confidence for the presence/absence of small bowel disease increased from 62 to 84% (p=0.003), 87 to 98% (p=0.0001), and 83 to 98% (p=0.005) after MRE for groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. In suspected disease, confidence changed significantly for all of the subcategories (p<0.001) except EL in group 1. The percentage of patients with a confidence change ranged from 40% (CoD) to 87% (lTI; group 1) and from 7% (EL) to 93% (DE; group 2). Therapeutic strategy changed in 31/51 (61%, 95% CI 47-74%), 14 with a reduction in planned therapy and 17 with an increase. CONCLUSION: MRE had a positive diagnostic impact in patients under investigation for small bowel Crohn's disease and this influenced therapeutic strategy in 61% of the patients.
|Title:||Diagnostic and therapeutic impact of MR enterography in Crohn's disease.|
|Keywords:||Adult, Aged, Crohn Disease, Female, Humans, Intestine, Small, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Middle Aged, Sensitivity and Specificity, Young Adult|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Medicine (Division of)
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Medicine (Division of) > Metabolism and Experimental Therapeutics
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Surgery and Interventional Science (Division of)
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