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Local correlations, information redundancy, and sufficient pixel depth in natural images

Petrov, Y; Zhaoping, L; (2003) Local correlations, information redundancy, and sufficient pixel depth in natural images. J OPT SOC AM A , 20 (1) 56 - 66.

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Abstract

A mathematical framework that permits the factorization of a joint probability distribution into its localized components for a two-dimensional array of pixels is presented. The factorization was used to estimate the contribution to mutual information of two- (I-2) and three-pixel (I-3) luminance correlations for a large ensemble of natural images analyzed at various spatial scales and pixel depths b. It is shown that both 12 and I-3 saturate at b similar to 6 bits per pixel. Three-pixel correlations are shown to produce only a marginal increase of information redundancy (4%) over two-pixel correlations (50%). Implications for neural representation in visual cortex are discussed. (C) 2003 Optical Society of America.

Type:Article
Title:Local correlations, information redundancy, and sufficient pixel depth in natural images
Keywords:TELEVISION SIGNALS, ENTROPY, STATISTICS, SCENES, EMERGENCE, FILTERS, CORTEX, FIELDS, CELLS
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Computer Science

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