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The potential of a GIS-based scoping system: An Israeli proposal and case study

Haklay, M; Feitelson, E; Doytsher, Y; (1998) The potential of a GIS-based scoping system: An Israeli proposal and case study. Environmental Impact Assessment Review , 18 (5) 439 - 459. 10.1016/S0195-9255(98)00017-1. Green open access

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Abstract

In the environmental impact assessment (EIA) lifecycle, scoping is regarded as the most important stage for the quality of the entire process. Even though many EIA methods exist, only a few of them are specifically suited for scoping. Despite the well-acknowledged potential of geographical information systems (CIS) for EIA and their seemingly widespread use, the applicability of GIS for scoping has not been analyzed sufficiently. This article advances a GIS-based scoping method and discusses the conditions necessary for its utilization. Two specific issues are addressed: the ability of a GIS-based system to identify the pertinent environmental effects on the basis of readily available information under stringent time and budget constraints, and the institutional infrastructure needed for such a system to operate effectively. These issues are analyzed in a case study conducted in Israel. In this case study, the proposed GIS-based scoping system identified all the main effects found independently in a comprehensive environmental impact statement (EIS), as well as issues not analyzed in the EIS. A centralized institutional scoping structure, whereby EIS guidelines are issued by a single entity, is found to be important for the operation of such a system, because it can enjoy the economies of scale and scope involved in setting up and operating a GIS system for scoping purposes.

Type:Article
Title:The potential of a GIS-based scoping system: An Israeli proposal and case study
Open access status:An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI:10.1016/S0195-9255(98)00017-1
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering

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