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How well do Australian women comply with dietary guidelines?

Ball, K; Mishra, GD; Thane, CW; Hodge, A; (2004) How well do Australian women comply with dietary guidelines? Public Health Nutr. , 7 (3) pp. 443-452.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the proportion of middle-aged Australian women meeting national dietary recommendations and its variation according to selected sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics. DESIGN: This cross-sectional population-based study used a food-frequency questionnaire to investigate dietary patterns and compliance with 13 commonly promoted dietary guidelines among a cohort of middle-aged women participating in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. SETTING: Nation-wide community-based survey. SUBJECTS: A total of 10,561 women aged 50-55 years at the time of the survey in 2001. RESULTS: Only about one-third of women complied with more than half of the guidelines, and only two women in the entire sample met all 13 guidelines examined. While guidelines for meat/fish/poultry/eggs/nuts/legumes and 'extra' foods (e.g. ice cream, chocolate, cakes, potatoes, pizza, hamburgers and wine) were met well, large percentages of women (68-88%) did not meet guidelines relating to the consumption of breads, cereal-based foods and dairy products, and intakes of total and saturated fat and iron. Women working in lower socio-economic status occupations, and women living alone or with people other than a partner and/or children, were at significantly increased risk of not meeting guidelines. CONCLUSIONS: The present results indicate that a large proportion of middle-aged Australian women are not meeting dietary guidelines. Without substantial changes in their diets, and help in making these changes, current national guidelines appear unachievable for many women

Type: Article
Title: How well do Australian women comply with dietary guidelines?
Additional information: DA - 20040521IS - 1368-9800 (Print)LA - engPT - Journal ArticlePT - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tSB - IMCV; 58
Keywords: Aged, Australia, Bread, COHORT, CONSUMPTION, Cross-Sectional Studies, Dairy Products, Diet, Diet Surveys, Dietary patterns, Female, Food, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Middle Aged, occupation, Practice Guidelines as Topic, Risk, WOMEN, Women's Health
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/52129
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