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Pattern-Dependent Suppression of Growth Hormone (GH) Pulsatility by Ghrelin and GH-Releasing Peptide-6 in Moderately GH-Deficient Rats

Thompson, NM; Davies, JS; Mode, A; Houston, PA; Wells, T; (2003) Pattern-Dependent Suppression of Growth Hormone (GH) Pulsatility by Ghrelin and GH-Releasing Peptide-6 in Moderately GH-Deficient Rats. Endocrinology , 144 (11) 4859 - 4867.

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Abstract

The peptide hormone ghrelin binds to the GH secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), stimulates GH secretion, and promotes adipogenesis. However, continuous GHS infusion does not stimulate skeletal growth and is associated with desensitization to further GH secretagogue treatment. In this study, 7-d intermittent (i.e. every 3 h) infusion of ghrelin, or the GH secretagogue, GH-releasing peptide-6, in the moderately GH- deficient transgenic growth-retarded rat, augmented GH secretion, leading to a sustained acceleration in skeletal growth. In contrast, continuous infusion of ghrelin, or GH-releasing peptide-6, suppressed the amplitude of spontaneous GH secretory episodes and produced only a transient increase in body weight gain. The reduction in GH secretion seen with continuous GHS-R activation was not associated with a desensitization of the pituitary to GH-releasing factor or to down-regulation of hypothalamic GHS-R mRNA expression. Continuous ghrelin treatment elicited an increase in somatostatin mRNA expression in the periventricular nuclei. Thus, exposure to continuously elevated circulating ghrelin may be responsible for the suppression of GH secretion reported in rats after prolonged starvation.

Type:Article
Title:Pattern-Dependent Suppression of Growth Hormone (GH) Pulsatility by Ghrelin and GH-Releasing Peptide-6 in Moderately GH-Deficient Rats
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of)

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