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Impaction femoral allografting and cemented revision for periprosthetic femoral fractures.

Tsiridis, E; Narvani, AA; Haddad, FS; Timperley, JA; Gie, GA; (2004) Impaction femoral allografting and cemented revision for periprosthetic femoral fractures. J Bone Joint Surg Br , 86 (8) pp. 1124-1132.

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Abstract

We reviewed retrospectively the outcome of the treatment by impaction grafting of periprosthetic femoral fractures around loose stems in 106 patients with Vancouver type-B2 and type-B3 fractures. Eighty-nine patients had a cemented revision with impaction grafting and a long or short stem. The remaining 17 had cemented revision without impaction grafting. Fractures treated by impaction grafting and a long stem were more than five times likely to unite than those treated by impaction grafting and a short stem (odds ratio = 5.5, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.54 to 19.6; p = 0.009). Furthermore, those with impaction grafting and a long stem were significantly more likely to unite than those with a long stem without impaction grafting (odds ratio = 4.07, 95% CI 1.10 to 15.0; p = 0.035). There was also a trend towards a higher rate of union in those treated by impaction grafting than in those without (odds ratio = 2.69, 95% CI 0.86 to 8.45; p = 0.090). Impaction grafting is being increasingly widely used for the restoration of femoral bone stock. It can be successfully applied to periprosthetic femoral fractures but a long stem should be used to bypass the distal fracture line.

Type: Article
Title: Impaction femoral allografting and cemented revision for periprosthetic femoral fractures.
Location: England
Keywords: Accidental Falls, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Bone Cements, Bone Transplantation, Female, Femoral Fractures, Hip Prosthesis, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prosthesis Failure, Radiography, Reoperation, Retrospective Studies, Transplantation, Homologous, Treatment Outcome
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/50051
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