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The effect of an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and a K-ATP(+) channel opener on warm up angina

Edwards, RJ; Redwood, SR; Lambiase, PD; Marber, MS; (2005) The effect of an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and a K-ATP(+) channel opener on warm up angina. EUR HEART J , 26 (6) 598 - 606. 10.1093/eurheartj/ehi082.

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Abstract

Aims In various models, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and K-ATP(+) channel openers can potentiate and mimic ischaemic preconditioning, respectively. Our aim was to determine whether these characteristics are shared by the phenomenon of warm up in angina, often regarded as a surrogate of ischaemic preconditioning.Methods and results Twenty patients with ischaemic heart disease were assigned in a double blind, randomized cross-over design to equivalent pressor doses of nicorandil 20 mg bid, enalapril 10 mg bid, losartan 25 mg bid, or placebo for 3 days. Patients underwent three consecutive exercise tolerance tests on each medication separated by a 1-week interval. Each patient underwent 12 exercise tests in total and 13 patients completed the study. On each medication the second exercise was separated from the first by 15 min of rest and the third exercise was performed 90 min after the second to control for training. The time to 0.1 mV ST depression and rate pressure product at 0.1 mV ST depression increased significantly in all. groups during exercise two compared with exercise one. Nicorandil reduced angina but did not attenuate this warm up effect. This benefit of first exercise waned by test three with placebo, losartan, and nicorandil, but not with enalapril.Conclusion In contrast to predictions based on ischaemic preconditioning the magnitude of the warm up was apparently unaltered by nicorandil, losartan, or enalapril, however its duration seemed to be extended by enalapril. Thus ischaemic preconditioning and warm up angina are likely to have differing pharmacological profiles suggesting a diverse underlying mechanism.

Type: Article
Title: The effect of an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and a K-ATP(+) channel opener on warm up angina
DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehi082
Keywords: angina, exercise, ACE-inhibitor, K-ATP(+) channel, ischaemic preconditioning, CORONARY-ARTERY-DISEASE, B-2 RECEPTOR ACTIVATION, MYOCARDIAL INFARCT SIZE, PROTEIN-KINASE-C, POTASSIUM CHANNELS, CONSCIOUS RABBITS, ACE-INHIBITOR, STABLE ANGINA, K+ CHANNELS, BRADYKININ
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/48552
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