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Antibody to hepatitis C virus in multiply transfused patients with thalassaemia major

Wonke, B; Hoffbrand, AV; Brown, D; Dusheiko, G; (1990) Antibody to hepatitis C virus in multiply transfused patients with thalassaemia major. Journal of Clinical Pathology , 43 (8) pp. 638-640. 10.1136/jcp.43.8.638.

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Abstract

Seventeen of 73 (23·2%) multiply transfused patients with thalassaemia major (age range, 1-39 years) tested positive for antibody to hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV). Eleven of the 24 patients regularly transfused in countries outside Britain were anti-HCV seropositive; only six of the 49 regularly transfused in Britain were seropositive. The incidence of anti-HBs and anti-HBc was similar to that of anti- HCV in both the British and foreign patients. The anti-HCV seropositive patients showed significantly higher plasma aspartate aminotransferase activities (AST), mean (SD) 10·2 (70·3) U/1, and serum ferritin concentrations, 4067 (2708) pg/l, than the anti-HCV seronegative patients (AST, 33·9 (15·6) U/I; serum ferritin 2051 (2092) U/1), respectively. Among the 36 patients who had earlier undergone liver biopsy 10 of 21 with histological features of chronic active hepatitis or cirrhosis, or both, were seropositive for anti-HCV whereas only one of 15 without histological evidence of chronic viral hepatitis was seropositive for anti-HCV. It is concluded that HCV is a major cause of chronic hepatitis in patients with thalassaemia major and is associated with raised AST activity and serum ferritin concentration compared with patients seronegative for anti-HCV.

Type: Article
Title: Antibody to hepatitis C virus in multiply transfused patients with thalassaemia major
DOI: 10.1136/jcp.43.8.638
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/47906
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