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One hand or two? Nativisation of fingerspelling in ASL and BANZSL

Cormier, K; Schembri, A; Tyrone, ME; (2008) One hand or two? Nativisation of fingerspelling in ASL and BANZSL. Sign Language and Linguistics , 11 (1) 3 - 44. 10.1075/sl&l.11.1.03cor.

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Abstract

In this paper, we focus on the nativisation process as a fully fingerspelled word or fingerspelled letters become a fingerspelled loan or initialised sign. Previ- ous models of nativisation (e.g., Brentari & Padden 2001) have described forms derived from one-handed fingerspelling systems; however, fingerspelling can be either one- or two-handed. Thus we propose an extension of Brentari & Pad- den’s model that accounts for varying degrees of nativisation based on the extent to which native parameters (i.e., native handshapes, movements, locations and native combinations of the three) exist within a given sign. According to the extended model, there are five main criteria for delineating nativisation — the extent to which: (1) forms adhere to phonological constraints of the native lexi- con, (2) parameters of the forms occur in the native lexicon, (3) native elements are added, (4) non-native elements are reduced (e.g., letters lost), and (5) native elements are integrated with non-native elements.

Type: Article
Title: One hand or two? Nativisation of fingerspelling in ASL and BANZSL
DOI: 10.1075/sl&l.11.1.03cor
Keywords: fingerspelling, native, lexicon, ASL, BSL, Auslan, phonology
UCL classification: UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Psychology and Language Sciences (Division of) > Experimental Psychology
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/46189
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