Alterations in purinoceptor expression in human long saphenous vein during varicose disease.
European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
239 - 250.
Objectives. Varicose veins are dilated tortuous veins of varying tone. Purinergic signalling is important in the control of tone and in mediating trophic changes in blood vessels. The expression of P2 receptors in control and varicose veins will be examined. Methods. Purinergic signalling in circular and longitudinal smooth muscle of the human long saphenous vein was studied in control and varicose tissues using immunohistochemistry, organ bath pharmacology and electron microscopy.Results. P2X1, P2Y1, P2Y2, P2Y4 and P2Y6 receptors were present on circular and longitudinal smooth muscle. Purine-mediated circular and longitudinal muscle contractions were weaker in varicose veins. Electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry findings support the view that smooth muscle cells change from the contractile to synthetic phenotype in varicose veins, associated with an upregulation of P2Y1 and P2Y2 receptors and a down regulation of P2X1 receptors. Conclusions. Down regulation of P2X1 receptors on the smooth muscle of varicose veins is associated with loss of contractile activity. Upregulation of P2Y1 and P2Y2 receptors is associated with a shift from contractile to synthetic and/or proliferative roles. The phenotype change in smooth muscle is associated with weakening of vein walls and may be a causal factor in the development of varicose veins.
|Title:||Alterations in purinoceptor expression in human long saphenous vein during varicose disease|
|Keywords:||Adult, Aged, 80 and over, Biological Markers, metabolism, Female, Humans, Immunohistochemistry, Male, Microscopy, Electron, Middle Aged, Muscle, Smooth, Vascular, pathology, physiopathology, Receptors, Purinergic, biosynthesis, Saphenous Vein, ultrastructure, Varicose Veins, Vasoconstriction, Blood, blood vessel, electron microscopy, expression, P2 receptor, P2X1, P2X1 receptors, P2Y1, P2Y4, P2Y6, Phenotype, purinergic, purinergic signalling, purinoceptor, signalling, smooth muscle, vein|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of)
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Surgery and Interventional Science (Division of)
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