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Neighborhood social capital and dental injuries in Brazilian adolescents

Pattussi, MP; Hardy, R; Sheiham, A; (2006) Neighborhood social capital and dental injuries in Brazilian adolescents. AM J PUBLIC HEALTH , 96 (8) 1462 - 1468. 10.2105/AJPH.2005.066159.

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Abstract

Objectives. Evidence suggests that communities with higher levels of social capital have better health, but this association has not been explored specifically in relation to dental injury. We investigated the association between social capital and dental injury.Methods. We conducted a multilevel study assessed individual and neighborhood effects on dental injury of 1302 14-to 15-year-old adolescents in 39 schools of Distrito Federal, Brazil. Children underwent a dental examination and, with their parents, answered a questionnaire about their local environments. Our data analysis used logistic multilevel modeling of students and neighborhood (the latter defined by catchment areas of schools).Results. The prevalence of dental injury was significantly lower in neighborhoods with higher levels of social capital, especially among boys. After control for individual and neighborhood variables, the adjusted odds ratio for a 1-unit increase in the standardized social capital index was 0.55 (95% confidence interval =0.37, 0.81; P=.002) among boys.Conclusions. Social capital may explain inequalities in rates of dental injury, especially among boys.

Type: Article
Title: Neighborhood social capital and dental injuries in Brazilian adolescents
DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2005.066159
Keywords: URINARY CATECHOLAMINE LEVELS, DENTOFACIAL INJURIES, TRAUMATIC INJURIES, INCOME INEQUALITY, POLITICAL-ECONOMY, SCHOOL-CHILDREN, PUBLIC-HEALTH, DEPRIVATION, PREVALENCE, SCHOOLCHILDREN
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/42978
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