Cell cycle-dependent association of Rad51 with the nuclear matrix.
DNA and Cell Biology
Progression of the cells through the S phase of the cell cycle is connected with accumulation of stalled and collapsed replication forks that are repaired by homologous recombination. To investigate the temporal order of homologous recombination events during the S phase, HeLa cells synchronized at the G1/S phase boundary with mimosine were released to progress into the S phase and the phosphorylation of the histone variant H2AX, the appearance of Rad51 nuclear foci and the subcellular redistribution of Rad51 were followed. The results showed that there was gradual accumulation of double-strand breaks as judged by the increase in the phosphorylation of H2AX during the S phase. Rad51 nuclear foci did not appear until middle S phase, and this was accompanied by an increase in the chromatin- and nuclear matrix-bound Rad51 in the middle to late S phase. To determine the role of the intra S phase checkpoint in the S phase-dependent redistribution of Rad51 the cells were released in the S phase in the presence of the protein kinase inhibitors caffeine and wortmannin. The results suggest that the association of Rad51 with the nuclear matrix is regulated by activation of the intra S phase ATR-dependent checkpoint pathway.
|Title:||Cell cycle-dependent association of Rad51 with the nuclear matrix|
|Keywords:||Rad51, cell-cycle, S-phase, nuclear foci, nuclear matrix|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of) > Structural and Molecular Biology
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