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Changes in signal transduction downstream from the granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor during differentiation of primary hemopoietic cells

Wheadon, H; Roberts, PJ; Watts, MJ; Linch, DC; (1999) Changes in signal transduction downstream from the granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor during differentiation of primary hemopoietic cells. EXP HEMATOL , 27 (6) 1077 - 1086.

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Abstract

Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GMCSF) is a multifuctional cytokine, having different effects on primitive hemopoietic cells and terminally differentiated end-cells of the myeloid lineage, Human primitive hemopoietic cells (CD34(+)) were obtained from the peripheral blood after mobilization and induced to proliferate and then differentiate with a combination of cytokines in vitro. Cells at different time points were then used to analyze the expression of the GM-CSF receptor and GM-CSF mediated activation of the JAK 2-STAT 5 and MAP kinase pathways. Scatchard analysis as measured by radioligand binding revealed that freshly purified CD34(+) cells expressed 36 +/- 1 high affinity receptors per cell (mean +/- SE, n = 3) and the level of expression was not significantly different after 3 days in culture, but rose five- to tenfold by day 8, The day 0 CD34(+) cells were hyporesponsive to GM-CSF, but by 3 days in culture the cells were still morphologically immature but were actively proliferating and exhibited maximal GM-CSF induced JAK 2-STAT 5 and MAP kinase activation at the optimal time point. Further culture of the CD34(+) cells resulted in myeloid differentiation associated with prolongation of MAP kinase activation but not JAK 2-STAT 5 activation. These data indicate that the JAK 2-STAT 5 and MAP kinase pathways are independently regulated and that changes in these signaling pathways occur with differentiation. (C) 1999 International Society for Experimental Hematology, Published by Elsevier Science Inc.

Type: Article
Title: Changes in signal transduction downstream from the granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor during differentiation of primary hemopoietic cells
Keywords: GM-CSF, JAK 2, STAT 5, MAP kinase, differentiation, HEMATOPOIETIC STEM-CELLS, PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASE, GM-CSF RECEPTOR, EXPRESSION CLONING, CYTOKINE RECEPTORS, PROGENITOR CELLS, LINKED CHANGES, CD34(+) CELLS, MARROW-CELLS, BETA-CHAIN
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/42233
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