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Somatic markers and response reversal: Is there orbitofrontal cortex dysfunction in boys with psychopathic tendencies?

Blair, RJR; Colledge, E; Mitchell, DGV; (2001) Somatic markers and response reversal: Is there orbitofrontal cortex dysfunction in boys with psychopathic tendencies? J ABNORM CHILD PSYCH , 29 (6) 499 - 511.

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Abstract

This study investigated the performance of boys with psychopathic tendencies and comparison boys, aged 9 to 17 years, on two tasks believed to be sensitive to amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex functioning. Fifty-one boys were divided into two groups according to the Psychopathy Screening Device (PSD, P. J. Frick & R. D. Hare, in press) and presented with two tasks. The tasks were the gambling task (A. Bechara, A. R. Damasio. H. Damasio, & S. W. Anderson, 1994) and the Intradimensional/Extradimensional (ID/ED) shift task (R. Dias, T. W. Robbins, & A. C. Roberts, 1996). The boys with psychopathic tendencies showed impaired performance on the gambling task. However, there were no group differences on the ID/ED task either for response reversal or extradimensional set shifting. The implications of these results for models of psychopathy are discussed.

Type: Article
Title: Somatic markers and response reversal: Is there orbitofrontal cortex dysfunction in boys with psychopathic tendencies?
Keywords: amygdala, orbitofrontal cortex, psychopathic tendencies, psychopathy, HUMAN PREFRONTAL CORTEX, BILATERAL AMYGDALA DAMAGE, DECISION-MAKING, BASOLATERAL AMYGDALA, FACIAL EXPRESSIONS, CONDUCT PROBLEMS, STARTLE REFLEX, DISTRESS CUES, EMOTION, CHILDREN
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/4134
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