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Socio-economic status, smoking during pregnancy and birth outcomes: an analysis of cross-sectional community studies in Liverpool (1993-2001).

Delpisheh, A; Kelly, Y; Rizwan, S; Brabin, BJ; (2006) Socio-economic status, smoking during pregnancy and birth outcomes: an analysis of cross-sectional community studies in Liverpool (1993-2001). J Child Health Care , 10 (2) pp. 140-148. 10.1177/1367493506062553.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of socio-economic status on pregnancy outcomes in smoking mothers. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. METHODS: Parent-completed questionnaires addressing pregnancy smoking patterns and birth outcomes. Were distributed via children aged 5-11 years attending 10 primary schools in Merseyside. Data from three community-based cross-sectional surveys undertaken in 1993, 1998 and 2001 were analysed. Townsend score was used as an indicator of household socioeconomic status. RESULTS: 82.2 percent (n = 3730) of respondents were classified as low (disadvantaged) socio-economic status. One-third of mothers smoked during pregnancy and this proportion was significantly higher among disadvantaged than advantaged categories (37.7% versus 14.6%; p < 0.001). The logistic regression analysis showed that only maternal smoking during pregnancy was a significant risk factor for adverse birth outcomes when socioeconomic variables were controlled. CONCLUSION: Birth outcomes were worse in babies of smoking mothers during pregnancy independent of household's socio-economic status.

Type: Article
Title: Socio-economic status, smoking during pregnancy and birth outcomes: an analysis of cross-sectional community studies in Liverpool (1993-2001).
Location: England
DOI: 10.1177/1367493506062553
Keywords: Child, Child, Preschool, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Fetal Growth Retardation, Humans, Infant, Low Birth Weight, Infant, Newborn, Infant, Premature, Logistic Models, Male, Multivariate Analysis, Pregnancy, Retrospective Studies, Smoking, Socioeconomic Factors, United Kingdom
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/40996
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