Ground Movements around Corners of Excavations: Empirical Calculation Method.
J GEOTECH GEOENVIRON
1414 - 1424.
This paper presents an empirical methodology that allows calculation of ground displacements behind corners of retained cut excavations. The increased stiffness of a retaining wall at the corner of an excavation normally leads to a corresponding reduction in ground movements behind the retaining wall. These "corner effects" derived from retained cut excavations can only be assessed at present by using three-dimensional numerical analysis or empirical methods. Significant cost and time can be taken carrying out three dimensional analysis, which, additionally, is not normally carried out at an early stage of the design of a project. Furthermore, numerical analysis must be undertaken by a competent person with appropriate training. An inappropriate analysis can yield to misleading and counterproductive results. This constitutes an expensive requirement on practitioners that often resort to more conservative designs which ignore corner effects. The methodology of adjusting calculated ground movements around corners of excavations described in this paper is simple to use and easy to program into software or spreadsheets. It can be used in conjunction with two-dimensional numerical analysis and also for calculating displacements in early stages of projects when numerical analysis has not yet been undertaken. This allows for more informed early discussion with third parties where approvals are sought on a given project.
|Title:||Ground Movements around Corners of Excavations: Empirical Calculation Method|
|Keywords:||Basements, Case history, Excavation, Ground movements, Retaining walls, Settlement, FINITE-ELEMENT-ANALYSIS, DEEP EXCAVATIONS|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering|
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