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The Reaction Chemistry of Plutonyl(VI) Chloride Complexes with Triphenyl Phosphineoxide and Triphenyl Phosphinimine

Berthon, C; Boubals, N; Charushnikova, IA; Collison, D; Cornet, SM; Auwer, C; ... Scott, BL; + view all (2010) The Reaction Chemistry of Plutonyl(VI) Chloride Complexes with Triphenyl Phosphineoxide and Triphenyl Phosphinimine. INORG CHEM , 49 (20) 9554 - 9562. 10.1021/ic101251a.

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Abstract

The reaction between Ph3PO dissolved in acetone and "PuO2Cl2" in dilute HCl resulted in the formation of [PuO2Cl2(Ph3PO)(2)]. Crystallographic characterization of the acetone solvate revealed the expected axial trans plutonyl dioxo, with trans Cl and Ph3PO in the equatorial plane. Spectroscopic analyses (P-31 NMR, H-1 NMR, and vis/nlR) indicate the presence of both cis and trans isomers in solution, with the trans isomer being more stable. Confirmation of the higher stability of the trans versus cis isomers for [AnO(2)Cl(2)(Ph3PO)(2)] (An = U and Pu) was obtained through quantum chemical computational analysis, which also reveals the Pu-O-TPPO bond to be more ionic than the U-O-TPPO bond. Slight variation in reaction conditions led to the crystallization of two further minor products, [PuO2(Ph3PO)(4)][ClO4](2) and cis-[PuCl2(Ph3PO)(4)], the latter complex revealing the potential for reduction to Pu-IV. In addition, the reaction of Ph3PNH with [PuO2Cl2(thf)(2)](2) in anhydrous conditions gave evidence for the formation of both cis- and trans-[PuO2Cl2(Ph3PNH)(2)] in solution (by P-31 NMR). However, the major reaction pathway involved protonation of the ligand with the crystallographic characterization of [Ph3PNH2](2)[PuO2Cl4]. We believe that HCl/SiMe3Cl carried through from the small scale preparation of [PuO2Cl2(thf)(2)](2) was the source of both protons and chlorides. The fact that this chemistry was significantly different from previous uranium studies, where cis-/trans-[UO2Cl2L2] (L = Ph3PO or Ph3PNH) were the only products observed, provides further evidence of the unique challenges and opportunities associated with the chemistry of plutonium.

Type:Article
Title:The Reaction Chemistry of Plutonyl(VI) Chloride Complexes with Triphenyl Phosphineoxide and Triphenyl Phosphinimine
DOI:10.1021/ic101251a
Keywords:MOLECULAR-STRUCTURE, ABSORPTION-SPECTRA, CRYSTAL-STRUCTURES, ACTINYL IONS, URANYL, NEPTUNYL(VI), COORDINATION, CARBONATE, PU(VI), IMIN
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Chemistry

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