Low temperature Si and SiGe oxidation through dielectric barrier discharges.
Thin Solid Films
Oxide films of 3-7-nm thickness grown on both Si and SiGe at 400 °C in a dielectric barrier discharge source emitting 172 nm photons have exhibited excellent electrical properties - the leakage current densities of 1×10-8 A/cm2 being obtained at 1 MV/cm for the 3.0-nm thick oxide on SiGe and 3.4×10-9 A/cm2 for the 3.2-nm thick oxide on Si. A similar value of ∼5×10-9 A/cm2 at 1 V bias has been achieved for both oxides with thicknesses in the range of 5.5-7.0 nm. High dielectric strengths with hard breakdown values greater than 16 MV/cm were observed. The oxidations on both substrates has also demonstrated similarly good oxide and interface qualities, showing fixed oxide densities of ∼1011 cm-2 and midgap interface trap densities of ∼1011 cm-2 eV -1. The oxidation on SiGe was nearly twice as fast as that on Si, giving a growth rate of 0.6 Å/min. The active oxygen species (O and O -) generated by the 172 nm photon-induced reactions not only act as the oxidants but also assist in annihilating the oxygen vacancies and defects in the oxides to improve the leakage properties of the oxides. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Title:||Low temperature Si and SiGe oxidation through dielectric barrier discharges|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > London Centre for Nanotechnology
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