The effects of age on the neural correlates of successful episodic retrieval: an ERP study.
Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience
The neural correlates of successful episodic retrieval (recollection), as reflected in event-related potentials (ERPs), were investigated in young (ca 20 years; n = 18) and older (ca 70 years; n = 16) healthy individuals. Subjects classified a series of pictures according to whether each item was new or had been encountered at study in the context of an animacy or a size judgment task. By manipulating the number of times items were presented for study, subsets of test items were formed for which source accuracy did not differ according to age. Relative to ERPs elicited by unstudied pictures, ERPs elicited by items attracting equivalent levels of source accuracy showed marked age-related differences. Those from younger subjects demonstrated the positive-going left parietal and right frontal old/new effects described in several previous studies of source memory. By contrast, analogous ERPs from older subjects contained a large left-lateralized negative effect that overshadowed the positive-going effects evident in the young. No age-related differences in either parietal or frontal ERP old/new effects were detected at electrode sites overlying the right hemisphere. It is possible that the age-related ERP differences observed in this task primarily reflect the use of different kinds of information as a basis for source judgments.
|Title:||The effects of age on the neural correlates of successful episodic retrieval: an ERP study.|
|Keywords:||Adolescent, Adult, Age Factors, Aged, Analysis of Variance, Cognition, Contingent Negative Variation, Evoked Potentials, Female, Frontal Lobe, Functional Laterality, Humans, Judgment, Male, Mental Recall, Middle Aged, Neuropsychological Tests, Parietal Lobe, Pattern Recognition, Visual, Recognition (Psychology), Reference Values|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Psychology and Language Sciences (Division of) > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
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