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Monitoring floc formation and breakage

Gregory, J; (2004) Monitoring floc formation and breakage. In: WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. (pp. 163 - 170). I W A PUBLISHING

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Monitoring of flocculation processes is of great practical importance and can give very useful information on the action of different coagulants under various conditions. It is shown that a continuous optical monitoring technique provides a convenient means of following the formation, break-up and re-growth of floes under standard mixing and stirring conditions. Examples of results using this approach are given, with alum and PACI coagulants as well as a cationic polyelectrolyte. PACI products give larger floes than with alum, but they show about the same relative degree of breakage when the shear rate is increased. With all of these coagulants, floc breakage is not fully reversible; i.e. floes only re-grow to a limited extent when the, shear rate is reduced. This is in marked contrast to the action of a cationic polyelectrolyte, where floc breakage is almost completely reversible. Some possible reasons for these observations are discussed, but, so far, there is no adequate model available.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Monitoring floc formation and breakage
Event: 2nd International Specialised Conference on Nano and Micro Particles in Water and Wastewater Treatment
Location: Zurich, SWITZERLAND
Dates: 2003-09-22 - 2003-09-24
Keywords: alum, coagulants, floc, monitoring, PACI, polyelectrolyte, SUSPENSIONS, COAGULATION, WATER
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/36573
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