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Oct4 and LIF/Stat3 Additively Induce Kruppel Factors to Sustain Embryonic Stem Cell Self-Renewal

Hall, J; Guo, G; Wray, J; Eyres, I; Nichols, J; Grotewold, L; ... Smith, A; + view all (2009) Oct4 and LIF/Stat3 Additively Induce Kruppel Factors to Sustain Embryonic Stem Cell Self-Renewal. CELL STEM CELL , 5 (6) 597 - 609. 10.1016/j.stem.2009.11.003.

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Abstract

Embryonic stem cell (ESC) pluripotency is dependent on an intrinsic gene regulatory network centered on Oct4. Propagation of the pluripotent state is stimulated by the cytokine leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) acting through the transcriptional regulator Stat3. Here, we show that this extrinsic stimulus converges with the intrinsic circuitry in Kruppel-factor activation. Oct4 primarily induces Klf2 while LIF/Stat3 selectively enhances Klf4 expression. Overexpression of either factor reduces LIF dependence, but with quantitative and qualitative differences. Unlike Klf4, Klf2 increases ESC clonogenicity, maintains undifferentiated ESCs in the genetic absence of Stat3, and confers resistance to BMP-induced differentiation. ESCs expanded with Klf2 remain capable of contributing to adult chimeras. Postimplantation-embryo-derived EpiSCs lack both Klf2 and KIN and expression of either can reinstate naive pluripotency. These findings indicate that Oct4 and Stat3 intersect in directing expression of Klf transcriptional regulators with overlapping properties that additively reinforce ground-state ESC pluripotency, identity, and self-renewal.

Type:Article
Title:Oct4 and LIF/Stat3 Additively Induce Kruppel Factors to Sustain Embryonic Stem Cell Self-Renewal
DOI:10.1016/j.stem.2009.11.003
Keywords:SIGNALING PATHWAYS, TRANSCRIPTIONAL NETWORK, GROUND-STATE, ES CELLS, DIFFERENTIATION, PLURIPOTENCY, NANOG, MOUSE, ACTIVATION, EXPRESSION
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of)

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