Hall, J and Guo, G and Wray, J and Eyres, I and Nichols, J and Grotewold, L and Morfopoulou, S and Humphreys, P and Mansfield, W and Walker, R and Tomlinson, S and Smith, A (2009) Oct4 and LIF/Stat3 Additively Induce Kruppel Factors to Sustain Embryonic Stem Cell Self-Renewal. CELL STEM CELL , 5 (6) 597 - 609. 10.1016/j.stem.2009.11.003.
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Embryonic stem cell (ESC) pluripotency is dependent on an intrinsic gene regulatory network centered on Oct4. Propagation of the pluripotent state is stimulated by the cytokine leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) acting through the transcriptional regulator Stat3. Here, we show that this extrinsic stimulus converges with the intrinsic circuitry in Kruppel-factor activation. Oct4 primarily induces Klf2 while LIF/Stat3 selectively enhances Klf4 expression. Overexpression of either factor reduces LIF dependence, but with quantitative and qualitative differences. Unlike Klf4, Klf2 increases ESC clonogenicity, maintains undifferentiated ESCs in the genetic absence of Stat3, and confers resistance to BMP-induced differentiation. ESCs expanded with Klf2 remain capable of contributing to adult chimeras. Postimplantation-embryo-derived EpiSCs lack both Klf2 and KIN and expression of either can reinstate naive pluripotency. These findings indicate that Oct4 and Stat3 intersect in directing expression of Klf transcriptional regulators with overlapping properties that additively reinforce ground-state ESC pluripotency, identity, and self-renewal.
|Title:||Oct4 and LIF/Stat3 Additively Induce Kruppel Factors to Sustain Embryonic Stem Cell Self-Renewal|
|Keywords:||SIGNALING PATHWAYS, TRANSCRIPTIONAL NETWORK, GROUND-STATE, ES CELLS, DIFFERENTIATION, PLURIPOTENCY, NANOG, MOUSE, ACTIVATION, EXPRESSION|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of)|
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