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Patterns of elevation of plasma 2 '-deoxyuridine, a surrogate marker of thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibition, after administration of two different schedules of 5-fluorouracil and the specific TS inhibitors raltitrexed (Tomudex) and ZD9331

Ford, HER; Mitchell, F; Cunningham, D; Farrugia, DC; Hill, ME; Rees, C; Calvert, AH; ... Jackman, AL; + view all (2002) Patterns of elevation of plasma 2 '-deoxyuridine, a surrogate marker of thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibition, after administration of two different schedules of 5-fluorouracil and the specific TS inhibitors raltitrexed (Tomudex) and ZD9331. CLIN CANCER RES , 8 (1) 103 - 109.

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Abstract

5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) exerts cytotoxic effects through inhibition of thymidylate synthase (TS) and incorporation of metabolites into RNA. TS inhibition may be greater for infusional 5-FU, with bolus regimens more likely to cause RNA effects, Elevation of plasma 2'-deoxyuridine (dUrd) is a surrogate marker of TS inhibition. Nineteen patients were treated with continuous infusion (CI) 5-FU 300mg/m(2)/day or bolus 5-FU 425mg/m(2)/day plus leucovorin (1,V) 20mg/m(2)/ day days 1-5. Pretreatment (day 1) and day 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 15, 22, and 29 plasma samples were assayed for dUrd by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. In patients treated with bolus 5-FU/LV, dUrd elevation at 24 and 48 h was 235 +/- 125 and 254 +/- 119%, respectively, failing to 138 +/- 58%, 156 +/- 89%, and 92 +/- 25% on days 8, 15, and 22, respectively. dUrd elevation with CI 5-FU was 229 +/- 86% at 24 h and 239 +/- 86, 240 +/- 98%, and 255 +/- 109% at days 15, 22, and 29, respectively. Duration of dUrd elevation was generally less than 8 days for bolus 5-FU/LV. A single dose of raltitrexed (3 mg/m(2)) gave a similar profile to this regimen. ZD9331 (130 mg/m(2), days 1 and 8) gave dUrd elevation for 14 of 21 days, with some recovery prior to day 8. Thus, both 5-FU regimens inhibit TS, and prolonged TS inhibition is achieved by CI 5-FU without significant toxicity. This suggests that the mechanism of antiproliferative toxicity from bolus 5-FU/LV is partly non-TS mediated. These results clarify underlying pharmacodynamic processes and could guide scheduling of 5-FU and TS inhibitors.

Type: Article
Title: Patterns of elevation of plasma 2 '-deoxyuridine, a surrogate marker of thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibition, after administration of two different schedules of 5-fluorouracil and the specific TS inhibitors raltitrexed (Tomudex) and ZD9331
Keywords: PERFORMANCE LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY, ADVANCED COLORECTAL-CANCER, RANDOMIZED TRIAL, ZD1694 TOMUDEX, FLUOROPYRIMIDINES, MOUSE, CELLS, PHARMACOLOGY, RESISTANCE, LEUCOVORIN
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Oncology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/351949
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