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Design, synthesis, and evaluation of 3,4-dihydro-2H-[1,4]diazepino[6,7,1-hi]indol-1-ones as inhibitors of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase

Tikhe, JG; Webber, SE; Hostomsky, Z; Maegley, KA; Ekkers, A; Li, JK; Yu, XH; ... Newell, DR; + view all (2004) Design, synthesis, and evaluation of 3,4-dihydro-2H-[1,4]diazepino[6,7,1-hi]indol-1-ones as inhibitors of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase. J MED CHEM , 47 (22) 5467 - 5481. 10.1021/jm030513r.

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Abstract

The design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of potent inhibitors of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) are reported. A novel series of 3,4-dihydro-2H-[1,4]diazepino[6,7,1-hi]-indol-1-ones were designed using a combination of protein structure-based drug design, molecular modeling, and structure-activity relationships (SAR). These novel submicromolar inhibitors possess a tricyclic ring system conformationally restricting the benzamide in the preferred cis orientation. The compounds were designed to optimize space-filling and atomic interactions within the NAD(+) binding site of PARP-1. Previously described and newly adapted methods were applied to syntheses of these tricyclic inhibitors. Various modifications were made to the diazepinoindolones at the 6- and 7-positions in order to study this region of the active site and optimize noncovalent interactions. The electron density of derivative 28 bound to chicken PARP-1 revealed that the oxime makes a tight hydrogen bond with the catalytic gamma-carboxylate of glutamic acid (Glu) 988 in accordance with our original designs and models. Most of the compounds have been evaluated for inhibition of human PARP-1. Selected inhibitors were also tested for the ability to potentiate the cytotoxic effect of the DNA-damaging agent Topotecan.

Type: Article
Title: Design, synthesis, and evaluation of 3,4-dihydro-2H-[1,4]diazepino[6,7,1-hi]indol-1-ones as inhibitors of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase
DOI: 10.1021/jm030513r
Keywords: ADP-RIBOSE POLYMERASE, RESISTANCE-MODIFYING AGENTS, DNA-REPAIR, BIOLOGICAL-PROPERTIES, CRYSTAL-STRUCTURES, PARP INHIBITORS, STRAND BREAKS, ENZYME, SYNTHETASE, SYSTEM
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Oncology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/351692
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