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Animals, disease, and man: making connections

Hardy, A; (2003) Animals, disease, and man: making connections. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine , 46 (2) pp. 200-215. Green open access


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The intricate causal relationships between disease in man and disease in animals first began to be elucidated in the mid-19th century. Although the connections between animal and human disease are now generally understood, individuals as well as societies remain slow to act on this knowledge. This paper examines the gradual recognition of these disease connections and explores the parallel theme of man's reluctance to appreciate the implications of these connections. It identifies factors that have inhibited the realization of the links between disease in man and animals, and discusses several milestones in the scientific elucidation of these links. Beginning with emerging concerns over the relationship between bovine and human tuberculosis in the 1860s, it follows the discovery of insect vectors, animal reservoirs, and the links between animals, influenza, and man. Despite warnings of the potential significance for human disease of patterns of changes in the relationship with animals and the natural world, scientists have continued to treat human and animal health as largely independent disciplines, while historians too have neglected this important aspect of human disease.

Type: Article
Title: Animals, disease, and man: making connections
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Additional information: Imported via OAI, 7:29:01 1st Jun 2007; Imported via OAI, 13:37:24 26th Jun 2007
UCL classification: UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/3429
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