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Amino acid depletion modulates vascular endothelial growth factor production during the life span of human vascular smooth muscle cells.

Earle, KA; Pancholi, S; Vernon, P; Yudkin, JS; (1998) Amino acid depletion modulates vascular endothelial growth factor production during the life span of human vascular smooth muscle cells. J Cell Physiol , 176 (2) pp. 359-364. 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4652(199808)176:2<359::AID-JCP14>3.0.CO;2-Z.

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Abstract

The role of nutrient supply in the replicative capacity and secretory phenotype of cultured human diploid cells is unclear. We examined the relationship between amino acid privation, the secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and growth phenotype of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), and endothelial cells. Cultures of VSMCs, but not endothelial cells, were growth inhibited by exposure to medium that was 75% deficient in leucine, methionine, arginine, and cysteine over two passages. Exposed VSMC cultures exhibited an increased vulnerability to apoptosis. The maximal cumulative population doubling of the exposed cells was reduced significantly compared with the control cells (25.7 +/- 2.0 doublings vs. 27.9 +/- 2.1 doublings; P < 0.03). Constitutive VEGF production first became evident in the later passages of the exposed and nonexposed cell cultures. However, production of VEGF was 17-fold greater in the exposed cultures at the tenth passage (P < 0.001). The replicative capacity and constitutive production of VEGF in VSMCs in culture may be programmed by transient privation of amino acids. These observations are relevant to new concepts concerning the pathogenesis of vascular disease.

Type: Article
Title: Amino acid depletion modulates vascular endothelial growth factor production during the life span of human vascular smooth muscle cells.
Location: United States
DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4652(199808)176:2<359::AID-JCP14>3.0.CO;2-Z
Keywords: Amino Acids, Apoptosis, Cell Division, Cells, Cultured, Cellular Senescence, Endothelial Growth Factors, Endothelium, Vascular, Humans, Lymphokines, Muscle, Smooth, Vascular, Umbilical Veins, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/33594
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