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Progenitor cell yields are frequently poor in patients with histologically indolent lymphomas especially when mobilized within 6 months of previous chemotherapy

Perry, AR; Watts, MJ; Peniket, AJ; Goldstone, AH; Linch, DC; (1998) Progenitor cell yields are frequently poor in patients with histologically indolent lymphomas especially when mobilized within 6 months of previous chemotherapy. BONE MARROW TRANSPL , 21 (12) 1201 - 1205.

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Abstract

High-dose therapy with peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) support is a frequently used treatment option in younger patients with poor prognosis histologically indolent (low-grade) non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), usually at the time of second or subsequent response to conventional-dose therapy. We have undertaken PBSC collection in 57 patients with histologically indolent NHL mobilized with either cyclophosphamide 1.5 g/m(2) or the ESHAP regimen, followed by daily G-CSF, Progenitor cell yields were determined by quantification of CD34(+) cells and GM-CFC, Twelve patients (21%) failed to achieve the minimum progenitor cell requirements of 1 x 10(6)/kg CD34(+) cells or 1 x10(5)/kg GM-CFC in their pooled harvests and 40 patients (70%) failed to achieve the optimal harvest thresholds of 3.5 x 10(6)/kg CD34(+) cells or 3.5 x 10(5)/kg GM-CFC, This high failure rate is significantly higher than that in patients with histologically aggressive NHL or Hodgkin's disease. A multivariate analysis was performed to identify factors contributing to the low stem cell yields in this group. This identified the time interval from the last chemotherapy to the priming chemotherapy as the most important predictive factor. With respect to CD34 and GM-CFC numbers, on the single harvest on the day the white cell count first exceeded 5 x 10(9)/l the P values were 0.0078 and 0.0065, respectively, and for the progenitor cell values on the pooled harvests the P values were 0.004 for CD34(+) cells and 0.015 for GM-CFC, Progenitor cell yields may therefore be improved in patients with low grade lymphoma by harvesting at diagnosis if no marrow disease is present, or by delaying mobilization for 6 months post-chemotherapy in patients in first or subsequent remission.

Type: Article
Title: Progenitor cell yields are frequently poor in patients with histologically indolent lymphomas especially when mobilized within 6 months of previous chemotherapy
Keywords: PBSC yields, low-grade lymphomas, prognostic factors, BONE-MARROW TRANSPLANTATION, HIGH-DOSE CHEMOTHERAPY, NON-HODGKINS-LYMPHOMA, FOLLICULAR LYMPHOMA, HEMATOPOIETIC RECONSTITUTION, STEM-CELLS, BLOOD, CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE, THERAPY
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/33586
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